Gibbs A. Williams, Ph.D.
RELATED STUDIES OF THE OCCULT
The findings of this research support those of Balint (1955, page 35) who indicates
that parapsychological phenomena occur in highly ambivalent and intense situations
in which projection and idealization are employed.
The findings also confirm the observations of Ehrenwald, Ullman and Coleman
(Ullman, 1976a, page 263) that a continual preoccupation with occult experiences
are most likely associated with character types of those who are most ego weak
including the "withdrawn, borderline, Schizoid amd narcissistic."
Additionally, the findings Support Ullman's two generalizations concerning psi
experience. (Ullman, 1976b9 page 263)
(1) Psi experiences occur in response to
''impending loss or threat'' either to an affective bond or to the self; and
(2) the paranormal event is an ''emergency response . . . to sustaining affective
bonds or threat to the physical integrity of the organism.''
The process of projecting the self, cathecting a parallel external event
(equivalence of meaning), mirroring this union back, and experiencing it
as having happened simultaneously accompanied by an awe response is related
to other similar occurrences. Among these are: peak experiences, metanoia,
reframing, sartori, 'therapeutic events' (major insights that represent
the culmination of numerous mini insights that have resulted in a major
breakthrough marking a significant turning point in treatment.
It has been demonstrated that the psychodynamics of the self utilizing
the method of contextual analysis and explained by the principle of
synthetic causality is fruitful in understanding these kinds of experiences
from a naturalistic perspective.
SYNCHRONICITIES AND THE CREATIVE PROCESS
Many researchers on the subject of creativity have concluded that the
creative act involves some combination of primary and secondary processes.
Kris 's formulation of ''regression in the service of the ego'' (Kris, 1944,
page 240) is a condensation of the psychodynamics of one formulation of
the creative process.
Schmeidler, in an article entitled ''ESP Breakthroughs, Paranormal Effects
in Real Life'' relates these events to the creative process. She states:
''The psychodynamics of spontaneous cases...[are] seen to be ... like those
of dreams (i.e. an interplay between latent desires, feeling or meaning,
and manifest symbols.'' (Schmeidler, 1972, page 223)
Noy (1969, page 156) advances the idea that the primary process like the
secondary process has its own developmental evolution. He also suggests
that the primary process has a synthetic function as part of ego [self]
integration and assimilation.
peak experiences, metanoia, reframing, sartori,